Rich Human Feedback for Text to Image Generation

Katherine Collins
Nicholas Carolan
Yang Li
Youwei Liang
Peizhao Li
Dj Dvijotham
Junfeng He
Sarah Young
Jiao Sun
Arseniy Klimovskiy


Recent Text-to-Image (T2I) generation models such as Stable Diffusion and Imagen have made significant progress in generating high-resolution images based on text descriptions. However, many generated images still suffer from issues such as artifacts/implausibility, misalignment with text descriptions, and low aesthetic quality. Inspired by the success of Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback (RLHF) for large language models, prior work collected human-provided scores as feedback on generated images and trained a reward model to improve the T2I generation. In this paper, we enrich the feedback signal by (i) marking image regions that are implausible or misaligned with the text, and (ii) annotating which keywords in the text prompt are not represented in the image. We collect such rich human feedback on 18K generated images and train a multimodal transformer to predict these rich feedback automatically. We show that the predicted rich human feedback can be leveraged to improve image generation, for example, by selecting high-quality training data to finetune and improve the generative models, or by creating masks with predicted heatmaps to inpaint the problematic regions. Notably, the improvements generalize to models (Muse) beyond those used to generate the images on which human feedback data were collected (Stable Diffusion variants).

Research Areas