Conventional approaches to statistical parametric speech synthesis typically use decision tree-clustered context-dependent hidden Markov models (HMMs) to represent probability densities of speech parameters given texts. Speech parameters are generated from the probability densities to maximize their output probabilities, then a speech waveform is reconstructed from the generated parameters. This approach is reasonably effective but has a couple of limitations, e.g. decision trees are inef?cient to model complex context dependencies. This paper examines an alternative scheme that is based on a deep neural network (DNN). The relationship between input texts and their acoustic realizations is modeled by a DNN. The use of the DNN can address some limitations of the conventional approach. Experimental results show that the DNN-based systems outperformed the HMM-based systems with similar numbers of parameters.