Google Research

Application Of Pretrained Deep Neural Networks To Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition

Proceedings of Interspeech 2012

Abstract

The use of Deep Belief Networks (DBN) to pretrain Neural Networks has recently led to a resurgence in the use of Artificial Neural Network - Hidden Markov Model (ANN/HMM) hybrid systems for Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR). In this paper we report results of a DBN-pretrained context-dependent ANN/HMM system trained on two datasets that are much larger than any reported previously with DBN-pretrained ANN/HMM systems - 5870 hours of Voice Search and 1400 hours of YouTube data. On the first dataset, the pretrained ANN/HMM system outperforms the best Gaussian Mixture Model - Hidden Markov Model (GMM/HMM) baseline, built with a much larger dataset by 3.7% absolute WER, while on the second dataset, it outperforms the GMM/HMM baseline by 4.7% absolute. Maximum Mutual Information (MMI) fine tuning and model combination using Segmental Conditional Random Fields (SCARF) give additional gains of 0.1% and 0.4% on the first dataset and 0.5% and 0.9% absolute on the second dataset.

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