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SEAHORSE: A Dataset of Summaries Annotated with Human Ratings in Six Languages

Elizabeth Clark
Shruti Rijhwani
Sebastian Gehrmann
EMNLP 2023, Association for Computational Linguistics (2023)


We introduce Seahorse (SummariEs Annotated with Human Ratings in Six languagEs), a dataset of 96K summaries with ratings along 6 dimensions (comprehensibility, repetition, grammar, attribution, main idea(s), and conciseness). The summaries are generated from 8 different models, conditioned on source text from 4 datasets in 6 languages (German, English, Spanish, Russian, Turkish, and Vietnamese). We release the annotated summaries as a resource for developing better summarization models and automatic metrics. We present an analysis of the dataset's composition and quality, and we demonstrate the potential of this dataset for building better summarization metrics, showing that metrics finetuned with Seahorse data outperform baseline metrics.