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Remote Medical Monitoring Through Vehicular Ad Hoc Network

Eugenio Giordano
Hagop Hagopian
Giovanni Pau
Mario Gerla
Majid Sarrafzadeh
IEEE 68th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC), 2008., IEEE, pp. 1-5


Several diseases and medical conditions require constant monitoring of physiological signals and vital signs on daily bases, such as diabetics, hypertension and etc. In order to make these patients capable of living their daily life it is necessary to provide a platform and infrastructure that allows the constant collection of physiological data even when the patient is not inside of the coverage area. The data must be rapidly "transported" to care givers or to the designated medical enterprise. The problem is particularly severe in case of emergencies (e.g. natural disasters or hostile attacks) when the communications infrastructure (e.g. cellular telephony, WiFi public access, etc) has failed or is totally congested. In this paper we present an evaluation of of the vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) as an alternate method of collecting patient pre-recorded physiological data and at the same time reconfiguring patient medical wearable body vests to select the data specifically requested by the physicians. Another important use of vehicular collection of medical data from body vests is prompted by the need to correlate pedestrian reaction to vehicular traffic hazards such as chemical and noise pollution and traffic congestion. The vehicles collect noise, chemical and traffic samples and can directly correlate with the "stress level" of volunteers.

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