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Readout of a quantum processor with high dynamic range Josephson parametric amplifiers

Aaron Shorter
Alejandro Grajales Dau
Alex Crook
Alex Opremcak
Alexander Korotkov
Alexander Lill
Alexandre Bourassa
Alexis Morvan
Alfredo Torres
Andrew Dunsworth
Ani Nersisyan
Anthony Megrant
Ashley Anne Huff
Ben Curtin
Benjamin Chiaro
Bob Benjamin Buckley
Brooks Riley Foxen
Charles Neill
Christopher Schuster
Dave Landhuis
Ebrahim Forati
Fedor Kostritsa
Frank Carlton Arute
Grayson Robert Young
Jamie Yao
Jeremy Patterson Hilton
Jimmy Chen
JiunHow Ng
John Mark Kreikebaum
Josh Godfrey Cogan
Juhwan Yoo
Justin Thomas Iveland
Kannan Aryaperumal Sankaragomathi
Kenny Lee
Kunal Arya
Leon Brill
Lily MeeKit Laws
Marco Szalay
Marika Kieferova
Markus Ansmann
Michael C. Hamilton
Mike Shearn
Murray Nguyen
Nicholas Bushnell
Ningfeng Zhu
Pavel Laptev
Ping Yeh
Rajeev Acharya
Rebecca Potter
Reza Fatemi
Roberto Collins
Sean Harrington
Shirin Montazeri
Tim Burger
Trent Huang
Trevor Johnathan Mccourt
Vladimir Shvarts
Wayne Liu
William Giang
Xiao Mi
Yu Chen
Applied Physics Letters, vol. 122 (2023), pp. 014001
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We demonstrate a high dynamic range Josephson parametric amplifier (JPA) in which the active nonlinear element is implemented using an array of rf-SQUIDs. The device is matched to the 50 $\Omega$ environment with a Klopfenstein-taper impedance transformer and achieves a bandwidth of 250-300 MHz, with input saturation powers up to $-95$~dBm at 20 dB gain. A 54-qubit Sycamore processor was used to benchmark these devices, providing a calibration for readout power, an estimate of amplifier added noise, and a platform for comparison against standard impedance matched parametric amplifiers with a single dc-SQUID. We find that the high power rf-SQUID array design has no adverse effect on system noise, readout fidelity, and qubit dephasing, and we estimate an upper bound on amplifier added noise at 1.6 times the quantum limit. Lastly, amplifiers with this design show no degradation in readout fidelity due to gain compression, which can occur in multi-tone multiplexed readout with traditional JPAs.

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