Google Research

Closing the Gap between Single-User and Multi-User VoiceFilter-Lite

To submit to Odyssey 2022 (to appear)

Abstract

VoiceFilter-Lite is a speaker-conditioned voice separation model that plays a crucial role in improving speech recognition and speaker verification by suppressing overlapping speech from the non-target speaker. One limitation of VoiceFilter-Lite, and other speaker-conditioned speech models in general, is that these models are usually limited to a single target speaker. This is undesirable as most smart home devices now support multiple enrolled users. In order to extend the benefits of personalization to multiple users, we previously developed an attention-based speaker selection mechanism and applied it to VoiceFilter-Lite. However, the original multi-user VoiceFilter-Lite model suffers from significant performance degradation compared with single-user models. In this paper, we devised a series of experiments to improve the multi-user VoiceFilter-Lite model. By incorporating dual learning rates and using feature-wise linear modulation (FiLM) to condition the model with the attended embedding, we successfully closed the performance gap between multi-user and single-user VoiceFilter-Lite models on single-speaker evaluations. At the same time, the new model can also be easily extended to support any number of users, and significantly outperforms our previously published model on multi-speaker evaluations.

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