Google Research

Foolproof Cooperative Learning

proceedings of ACML 2020 (to appear)

Abstract

This paper extends the notion of equilibrium in game theory to learning algorithms in repeated stochastic games. We define a learning equilibrium as an algorithm used by a population of players, such that no player can individually use an alternative algorithm and increase its asymptotic score. We introduce Foolproof Cooperative Learning (FCL), an algorithm that converges to a Tit-for-Tat behavior. It allows cooperative strategies when played against itself while being not exploitable by selfish players. We prove that in repeated symmetric games, this algorithm is a learning equilibrium. We illustrate the behavior of FCL on symmetric matrix and grid games, and its robustness to selfish learners.

Research Areas

Learn more about how we do research

We maintain a portfolio of research projects, providing individuals and teams the freedom to emphasize specific types of work