Google Research

Cyber, Nano, and AGI Risks: Decentralized Approaches to Reducing Risks

  • Allison Duettmann
  • Christine Peterson
  • Mark S. Miller
The First Colloquium On Catastrophic And Existential Risk (2017)


The aim of this paper, rather than attempting to present one coherent strategy for reducing existential risks, is to introduce a variety of possible options with the goal of broadening the discussion and inviting further investigation. Two themes appear throughout: (1) the proposed approaches for risk reduction attempt to avoid the dangers of centralized “solutions,” and (2) cybersecurity is not treated as a separate risk. Instead, trustworthy cybersecurity is a prerequisite for the success of our proposed approaches to risk reduction.

Learn more about how we do research

We maintain a portfolio of research projects, providing individuals and teams the freedom to emphasize specific types of work