Google Research

Multi-armed bandit experiments in the online service economy

  • Steven L. Scott
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry, vol. 31 (2015), pp. 37-49


The modern service economy is substantively different from the agricultural and manufacturing economies that preceded it. In particular, the cost of experimenting is dominated by opportunity cost rather than the cost of obtaining experimental units. The different economics require a new class of experiments, in which stochastic models play an important role. This article briefly summarizes mulit-armed bandit experiments, where the experimental design is modified as the experiment progresses to make the experiment as inexpensive as possible.

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