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Local Collaborative Autoencoders

Minjin Choi
Yoongi Jeong
Jongwuk Lee
Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining (WSDM), ACM (2021)


Top-N recommendation is a challenging problem because complex and sparse user-item interactions should be adequately addressed to achieve high-quality recommendation results. The local latent factor approach has been successfully used with multiple local models to capture diverse user preferences with different subcommunities. However, previous studies have not fully explored the potential of local models, and failed to identify many small and coherent sub-communities. In this paper, we present Local Collaborative Autoencoders (LOCA), a generalized local latent factor framework. Specifically, LOCA adopts different neighborhood ranges at the training and inference stages. Besides, LOCA uses a novel sub-community discovery method, maximizing the coverage of a union of local models and employing a large number of diverse local models. By adopting autoencoders as the base model, LOCA captures latent non-linear patterns representing meaningful user-item interactions within sub-communities. Our experimental results demonstrate that LOCA is scalable and outperforms state-of-the-art models on several public benchmarks, by 2.99-4.70% in Recall and 1.02-7.95% in NDCG, respectively.