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Improved Consistency Regularization for GANs

Zhengli Zhao
Sameer Singh
Honglak Lee
Augustus Odena
Han Zhang
Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (2021)


Recent work (Zhang et al. 2020) has increased the performance of Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) by enforcing a consistency cost on the discriminator. We improve on this technique in several ways. We first show that consistency regularization can introduce artifacts into the GAN samples and explain how to fix this issue. We then propose several modifications to the consistency regularization procedure designed to improve its performance. We carry out extensive experiments quantifying the benefit of our improvements. For unconditional image synthesis on CIFAR-10 and CelebA, our modifications yield the best known FID scores on various GAN architectures. For conditional image synthesis on CIFAR-10, we improve the state-of-the-art FID score from 11.48 to 9.21. Finally, on ImageNet-2012, we apply our technique to the original BigGAN (Brock, Donahue, and Simonyan 2019) model and improve the FID from 6.66 to 5.38, which is the best score at that model size.

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