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Google's next-generation real-time unit-selection synthesizer using sequence-to-sequence LSTM-based autoencoders

Yannis Agiomyrgiannakis
Hanna Silen
Jakub Vit
Interspeech (2017)
Google Scholar


A neural network model that significant improves unit-selection-based Text-To-Speech synthesis is presented. The model employs a sequence-to-sequence LSTM-based autoencoder that compresses the acoustic and linguistic features of each unit to a fixed-size vector referred to as an embedding. Unit-selection is facilitated by formulating the target cost as an L2 distance in the embedding space. In open-domain speech synthesis the method achieves a 0.2 improvement in the MOS, while for limited-domain it reaches the cap of 4.5 MOS. Furthermore, the new TTS system halves the gap between the previous unit-selection system and WaveNet in terms of quality while retaining low computational cost and latency.