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Eliciting User Preferences for Personalized Explanations for Video Summaries

Lora Mois Aroyo
Nava Tintarev
Oana Inel
ACM UMAP2020 Conference, ACM (2020) (to appear)
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Video summaries or highlights are a compelling alternative for exploring and contextualizing unprecedented amounts of video material. However, the summarization process is commonly automatic, non-transparent and potentially biased towards particular aspects depicted in the original video. Therefore, our aim is to help users like archivists or collection managers to quickly understand which summaries are the most representative for an original video.In this paper, we present empirical results on the utility of different types of visual explanations to achieve transparency for end users on how representative video summaries are, with respect to the original video. We consider four types of video summary explanations, which use in different ways the concepts extracted from the original video subtitles and the video stream, and their prominence.The explanations are generated to meet target user preferences and express different dimensions of transparency:concept prominence, semantic coverage, distance and quantity of coverage. In two user studies we evaluate the utility of the visual explanations for achieving transparency for end users. Our results show that explanations representing all of the dimensions have the highest utility for transparency.