Deep Multiclass Learning from Label Proportions

Neil Zeghidour
Marco Cuturi
Jean-Philippe Vert


We propose a learning algorithm capable of learning from label proportions instead of direct data labels. In this scenario, our data are arranged into various bags of a certain size, and only the proportions of each label within a given bag are known. This is a common situation in cases where per-data labeling is lengthy, but a more general label is easily accessible. Several approaches have been proposed to learn in this setting with linear models in the multiclass setting, or with nonlinear models in the binary classification setting. Here we investigate the more general nonlinear multiclass setting, and compare two differentiable loss functions to train end-to-end deep neural networks from bags with label proportions. We illustrate the relevance of our methods on an image classification benchmark, and demonstrate the possibility to learn accurate image classifiers from bags of images.

Research Areas