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USM-SCD: USM-Based Multilingual Speaker Change Detection

Yongqiang Wang
Jason Pelecanos
Yu Zhang
Yiling Huang
Han Lu
ICASSP 2024 - 2024 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 11801-11805

Abstract

We introduce a multilingual speaker change detection model (USM- SCD) that can simultaneously detect speaker turns and perform ASR for 96 languages. This model is adapted from a speech foundation model trained on a large quantity of supervised and unsupervised data, demonstrating the utility of fine-tuning from a large generic foundation model for a downstream task. We analyze the performance of this multilingual speaker change detection model through a series of ablation studies. We show that the USM-SCD model can achieve more than 75% average speaker change detection F1 score across a test set that consists of data from 96 languages. On American English, the USM-SCD model can achieve an 85.8% speaker change detection F1 score across various public and internal test sets, beating the previous monolingual baseline model by 21% relative. We also show that we only need to fine-tune one-quarter of the trainable model parameters to achieve the best model performance. The USM-SCD model exhibits state-of-the-art ASR quality compared with a strong public ASR baseline, making it suitable to handle both tasks with negligible additional computational cost.