Google Research

Attend, Infer, Repeat: Fast Scene Understanding with Generative Models

  • S. M. Ali Eslami
  • Nicolas Heess
  • Theophane Weber
  • Yuval Tassa
  • David Szepesvari
  • Koray Kavukcuoglu
  • Geoffrey E. Hinton
NIPS (2016)


We present a framework for efficient inference in structured image models that explicitly reason about objects. We achieve this by performing probabilistic inference using a recurrent neural network that attends to scene elements and processes them one at a time. Crucially, the model itself learns to choose the appropriate number of inference steps. We use this scheme to learn to perform inference in partially specified 2D models (variable-sized variational auto-encoders) and fully specified 3D models (probabilistic renderers). We show that such models learn to identify multiple objects - counting, locating and classifying the elements of a scene - without any supervision, e.g., decomposing 3D images with various numbers of objects in a single forward pass of a neural network. We further show that the networks produce accurate inferences when compared to supervised counterparts, and that their structure leads to improved generalization.

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