Enrico Bacis

Enrico Bacis

Software engineer in the Applied Privacy Research team in Google Zurich
Authored Publications
Google Publications
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    Preview abstract A recent large-scale experiment conducted by Chrome has demonstrated that a "quieter" web permission prompt can reduce unwanted interruptions while only marginally affecting grant rates. However, the experiment and the partial roll-out were missing two important elements: (1) an effective and context-aware activation mechanism for such a quieter prompt, and (2) an analysis of user attitudes and sentiment towards such an intervention. In this paper, we address these two limitations by means of a novel ML-based activation mechanism -- and its real-world on-device deployment in Chrome -- and a large-scale user study with 13.1k participants from 156 countries. First, the telemetry-based results, computed on more than 20 million samples from Chrome users in-the-wild, indicate that the novel on-device ML-based approach is both extremely precise (>99% post-hoc precision) and has very high coverage (96% recall for notifications permission). Second, our large-scale, in-context user study shows that quieting is often perceived as helpful and does not cause high levels of unease for most respondents. View details
    Assessing Web Fingerprinting Risk
    Robert Busa-Fekete
    Antonio Sartori
    Umar Syed
    Proceedings of the ACM Web Conference (WWW 2024)
    Preview abstract Modern Web APIs allow developers to provide extensively customized experiences for website visitors, but the richness of the device information they provide also make them vulnerable to being abused by malign actors to construct browser fingerprints, device-specific identifiers that enable covert tracking of users even when cookies are disabled. Previous research has established entropy, a measure of information, as the key metric for quantifying fingerprinting risk. Earlier studies that estimated the entropy of Web APIs were based on data from a single website or were limited to an extremely small sample of clients. They also analyzed each Web API separately and then summed their entropies to quantify overall fingerprinting risk, an approach that can lead to gross overestimates. We provide the first study of browser fingerprinting which addresses the limitations of prior work. Our study is based on actual visited pages and Web API function calls reported by tens of millions of real Chrome browsers in-the-wild. We accounted for the dependencies and correlations among Web APIs, which is crucial for obtaining more realistic entropy estimates. We also developed a novel experimental design that accurately estimates entropy while never observing too much information from any single user. Our results provide an understanding of the distribution of entropy for different website categories, confirm the utility of entropy as a fingerprinting proxy, and offer a method for evaluating browser enhancements which are intended to mitigate fingerprinting. View details
    Mix&Slice for Efficient Access Revocation on Outsourced Data
    Marco Rosa
    Pierangela Samarati
    Sabrina De Capitani di Vimercati
    Sara Foresti
    Stefano Paraboschi
    IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing (TDSC)(2023)
    Preview abstract A complex challenge when using encryption to enforce access control on resources stored at external cloud providers is the efficient enforcement of access revocation to users who know the key used for encrypting the outsourced resources. We present an approach addressing this challenge that relies on a mixing phase. The mixing phase transforms a plaintext resource into an encrypted resource with strong mutual inter-dependency among the bits in the encrypted representation. Our mixing is based on the iterative application of either a block cipher or an extended version of OAEP. The mixing phase is then followed by a slicing phase that splits the encrypted resource in carefully designed fragments. To revoke access on a resource, it is then sufficient to update a fragment , with the guarantee that the resource as a whole (and any portion of it) will become unintelligible to those from whom access is revoked. Our experimental results show the effectiveness and efficiency of our approach, and confirm its applicability, especially when managing large resources with dynamic access policy. View details
    I Told You Tomorrow: Practical Time-Locked Secrets using Smart Contracts
    Dario Facchinetti
    Marco Rosa
    Marco Guarnieri
    Matthew Rossi
    Stefano Paraboschi
    Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES '21), Association for Computing Machinery(2021)
    Preview abstract A Time-Lock enables the release of a secret at a future point in time. Many literature works implement Time-Locks as cryptographic puzzles, binding the recovery of the secret to the solution of it. Since the time required to find the solution to the puzzle may vary due to a multitude of factors, including the computational effort spent, these solutions may not suit all the practical scenarios. To overcome this limitation, we propose I Told You Tomorrow (ITYT), a novel way of implementing time-locked secrets based on smart contracts. ITYT relies on the blockchain to measure the elapse of time, and it combines threshold cryptography with economic incentives and penalties to replace cryptographic puzzles. We implement a prototype of ITYT on top of the Ethereum blockchain. The prototype leverages secure Multi-Party Computation to avoid any single point of trust. We also analyze resiliency to attacks with the help of economic game theory, in the context of rational adversaries. The experiments run demonstrate the low cost and limited resource consumption associated with our approach. View details
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