Advances and Open Problems in Federated Learning

Brendan Avent
Aurélien Bellet
Mehdi Bennis
Arjun Nitin Bhagoji
Graham Cormode
Rachel Cummings
Rafael G.L. D'Oliveira
Salim El Rouayheb
David Evans
Josh Gardner
Adrià Gascón
Phillip B. Gibbons
Marco Gruteser
Zaid Harchaoui
Chaoyang He
Lie He
Zhouyuan Huo
Justin Hsu
Martin Jaggi
Tara Javidi
Gauri Joshi
Mikhail Khodak
Jakub Konečný
Aleksandra Korolova
Farinaz Koushanfar
Sanmi Koyejo
Tancrède Lepoint
Yang Liu
Prateek Mittal
Richard Nock
Ayfer Özgür
Rasmus Pagh
Ramesh Raskar
Dawn Song
Weikang Song
Sebastian U. Stich
Ziteng Sun
Florian Tramèr
Praneeth Vepakomma
Jianyu Wang
Li Xiong
Qiang Yang
Felix X. Yu
Han Yu


Federated learning (FL) is a machine learning setting where many clients (e.g., mobile devices or whole organizations) collaboratively train a model under the orchestration of a central server (e.g., service provider), while keeping the training data decentralized. FL embodies the principles of focused data collection and minimization, and mitigates many of the systemic privacy risks and costs resulting from traditional, centralized machine learning and data science approaches. Motivated by the explosive growth in FL research, this paper discusses recent advances and presents a comprehensive list of open problems and challenges.