Jump to Content

Yasumasa Onoe

Authored Publications
Google Publications
Other Publications
Sort By
  • Title
  • Title, descending
  • Year
  • Year, descending
    Preview abstract Despite the longstanding adage "an image is worth a thousand words," creating accurate and hyper-detailed image descriptions for training Vision-Language models remains challenging. Current datasets typically have web-scraped descriptions that are short, low-granularity, and often contain details unrelated to the visual content. As a result, models trained on such data generate descriptions replete with missing information, visual inconsistencies, and hallucinations. To address these issues, we introduce ImageInWords (IIW), a carefully designed human-in-the-loop annotation framework for curating hyper-detailed image descriptions and a new dataset resulting from this process. We validate the framework through evaluations focused on the quality of the dataset and its utility for fine-tuning with considerations for readability, comprehensiveness, specificity, hallucinations, and human-likeness. Our dataset significantly improves across these dimensions compared to recently released datasets (+66%) and GPT-4V outputs (+48%). Furthermore, models fine-tuned with IIW data excel by +31% against prior work along the same human evaluation dimensions. Given our fine-tuned models, we also evaluate text-to-image generation and vision-language reasoning. Our model's descriptions can generate images closest to the original, as judged by both automated and human metrics. We also find our model produces more compositionally rich descriptions, outperforming the best baseline by up to 6% on ARO, SVO-Probes, and Winoground datasets. View details
    Preview abstract Despite recent advancements, text-to-image (T2I) models still exhibit critical limitations, such as errors in understanding spatial relationships, object counting, text rendering, and more. One challenge in overcoming these failure modes is the lack of resources; the majority of existing image-text datasets provide only brief captions that do not offer sufficient detail to discrepancies between images and their descriptions. To advance the development of T2I models further, we introduce \textbf{Descriptions of Connected and Contrasting Images (DOCCI)}, a dataset of 15k images taken by a single person with detailed human-annotated descriptions in English. We meticulously annotated detailed and coherent descriptions, averaging 136 words, which sufficiently differentiate images from related or similar ones. We intentionally curated images that showcase a diverse range of visual properties, including entities with their attributes, various orientations, and lighting effects, many of which are related to each other. We thoroughly analyze the quality and characteristics of the image-description pairs, and assess the performance of the latest T2I and I2T models. The experimental results indicate that the current state-of-the-art T2I models still struggle with the aforementioned challenges, and even the SOTA models have not fully addressed them. DOCCI is publicly available, and we believe that this dataset will be a valuable benchmark for vision-language research. View details
    Preview abstract Text-guided image editing can have a transformative impact in supporting creative applications. A key challenge is to generate edits that are faithful to the input text prompt, while consistent with the input image. We present Imagen Editor, a cascaded diffusion model, built by fine-tuning Imagen on text-guided image inpainting. Imagen Editor's edits are faithful to the text prompts, which is accomplished by incorporating object detectors for proposing inpainting masks during training. In addition, text-guided image inpainting captures fine details in the input image by conditioning the cascaded pipeline on the original high resolution image. To improve qualitative and quantitative evaluation, we introduce EditBench, a systematic benchmark for text-guided image inpainting. EditBench evaluates inpainting edits on natural and generated images exploring objects, attributes, and scenes. Through extensive human evaluation on EditBench, we find that object-masking during training leads to across-the-board improvements in text-image alignment -- such that Imagen Editor is preferred over DALL-E 2 and Stable Diffusion -- and, as a cohort, these models are better at object-rendering than text-rendering, and handle material/color/size attributes better than count/shape attributes. View details
    No Results Found