Hyduke Noshadi

Hyduke Noshadi

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    Behavioural reconfigurable and adaptive data reduction in body sensor networks
    Foad Dabiri
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems, 6(2013), pp. 207-224
    Preview
    HERMES: Mobile system for instability analysis and balance assessment
    Foad Dabiri
    Shaun Ahmadian
    Navid Amini
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS), 12(2013), 57:1-57:24
    Preview abstract We introduce Hermes, a lightweight smart shoe and its supporting infrastructure aimed at extending gait and instability analysis and human instability/balance monitoring outside of a laboratory environment. We aimed to create a scientific tool capable of high-level measures, by combining embedded sensing, signal processing and modeling techniques. Hermes monitors walking behavior and uses an instability assessment model to generate quantitative value with episodes of activity identified by physician, researchers or investigators as important. The underlying instability assessment model incorporates variability and correlation of features extracted during ambulation that have been identified by geriatric motion study experts as precursor to instability, balance abnormality and possible fall risk. Hermes provides a mobile, affordable and long-term instability analysis and detection system that is customizable to individual users, and is context-aware, with the capability of being guided by experts. Our experiments demonstrate the feasibility of our model and the complimentary role our system can play by providing long-term monitoring of patients outside a hospital or clinical setting at a reduced cost, with greater user convenience, compliance and inference capabilities that meet the physician's or investigator's needs. View details
    Behavior-Oriented Data Resource Management in Medical Sensing Systems
    Foad Dabiri
    Saro Meguerdichian
    Miodrag Potkonjak
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN), 9(2013), 12:1-12:26
    Preview abstract Wearable sensing systems have recently enabled a variety of medical monitoring and diagnostic applications in wireless health. The need for multiple sensors and constant monitoring leads these systems to be power hungry and expensive with short operating lifetimes. We introduce a novel methodology that takes advantage of contextual and semantic properties in human behavior to enable efficient design and optimization of such systems from the data and information point of view. This, in turn, directly influences the wireless communication and local processing power consumption. We exploit intrinsic space and temporal correlations between sensor data while considering both user and system contextual behavior. Our goal is to select a small subset of sensors that accurately capture and/or predict all possible signals of a fully instrumented wearable sensing system. Our approach leverages novel modeling, partitioning, and behavioral optimization, which consists of signal characterization, segmentation and time shifting, mutual signal prediction, and a simultaneous minimization composed of subset sensor selection and opportunistic sampling. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique on an insole instrumented with 99 pressure sensors placed in each shoe, which cover the bottom of the entire foot, resulting in energy reduction of 72% to 97% for error rates of 5% to 17.5%. View details
    Semantics-driven sensor configuration for energy reduction in medical sensor networks
    Saro Meguerdichian
    Miodrag Potkonjak
    Proceedings of the 2012 ACM/IEEE international symposium on Low power electronics and design, ACM, pp. 303-308
    Preview abstract Traditional optimization methods for large multisensory networks often use sensor array reduction and sampling techniques that attempt to reduce energy while retaining full predictability of the raw sensed data. For systems such as medical sensor networks, raw data prediction is unnecessary, rather, only relevant semantics derived from the raw data are essential. We present a new method for sensor fusion, array reduction, and subsampling that reduces both energy and cost through semantics-driven system configuration. Using our method, we reduce the energy requirements of a medical shoe by a factor of 17.9 over the original system configuration while maintaining semantic relevance. View details
    Preview abstract We present a new method for spatiotemporal assignment and scheduling of energy harvesters on a medical shoe tasked with measuring gait diagnostics. While prior work exists on the application of dielectric elastomers (DEs) for energy scavenging on shoes, current literature does not address the issues of placement and timing of these harvesters, nor does it address integration into existing sensing systems. We solve these issues and present a self-sustaining medical shoe that harvests energy from human ambulation while simultaneously measuring gait characteristics most relevant to medical diagnosis. View details
    Joint consideration of energy-efficiency and coverage-preservation in microsensor networks
    Navid Amini
    Alireza Vahdatpour
    Foad Dabiri
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, 11(2011), pp. 707-722
    Preview abstract This paper presents an energy-efficient and coverage-preserving communication protocol which distributes a uniform energy load to the sensors in a wireless microsensor network. This protocol, called Distance-based Segmentation (DBS), is a cluster-based protocol that divides the entire network into equal-area segments and applies different clustering policies to each segment to (1) reduce total energy dissipation and (2) balance the energy load among the sensors. Therefore, it prolongs the lifetime of the network and improves the sensing coverage. Moreover, the proposed routing protocol does not need any centralized support from a certain node which is at odds with aiming to establish a scalable communication protocol. Results from extensive simulations on two different network configurations show that by lowering the number of wasteful transmissions in the network, the DBS can achieve as much as a 20% reduction in total dissipated energy as compared with current cluster-based protocols. In addition, this protocol is able to distribute energy load more evenly among the sensors in the network. Hence, it yields up to a 66% increase in the useful network lifetime. According to the simulation results, the sensing coverage degradation of the DBS is considerably slower than that of the other cluster-based protocols. View details
    Energy Optimization in Wireless Medical Systems Using Physiological Behavior
    Foad Dabiri
    Saro Meguerdichian
    Miodrag Potkonjak
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    In Proceedings of the ACM, BMES conference of Wireless Health, ACM(2010), pp. 128-136
    Preview abstract Wearable sensing systems are becoming widely used for a variety of applications, including sports, entertainment, and military. These systems have recently enabled a variety of medical monitoring and diagnostic applications in Wireless Health. The need for multiple sensors and constant monitoring lead these systems to be power hungry and expensive, with short operating lifetimes. In this paper, we introduce a novel methodology that takes advantage of the influence of human behavior on signal properties and reduces those three metrics from the data size point of view. This, in turn, directly influences the wireless communication and local processing power consumption. We exploit intrinsic space and temporal correlations between sensor data while considering both user and system behavior. Our goal is to select a small subset of sensors to accurately capture and/or predict all possible signals of a fully instrumented wearable sensing system. Our approach leverages novel modeling, partitioning, and behavioral optimization, which consists of signal characterization, segmentation and time shifting, mutual signal prediction, and subset sensor selection. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique on an insole instrumented with 99 pressure sensors placed in each shoe, which cover the bottom of the entire foot, resulting in energy reduction of 56% to 96% for error rates of 5% to 17.5%. View details
    Semantic Multimodal Compression for Wearable sensing Systems
    Saro Meguerdichian
    Foad Dabiri
    Miodrag Potkonjak
    In Proceedings of the 9th Annual IEEE Conference on Sensors, IEEE(2010), pp. 1149-1453
    Preview abstract Wearable sensing systems (WSS's) are emerging as an important class of distributed embedded systems in application domains ranging from medical to military. Such systems can be expensive and power hungry due to their multi sensor implementations that require constant use, yet by nature they demand low-cost and low-power implementations. Semantic multimodal compression (SMC) mitigates these metrics in terms of data size by leveraging the natural tendency of signals in many types of embedded sensing systems to be composed of phases. In our driving example of a medical shoe with an insole lined with pressure sensors, we find that the natural airborne, landing, and take-off segments have sharply different and repetitive properties. SMC models and compresses each segment independently, selecting the best compression scheme for each segment and thus reducing total transmission energy. View details
    Remote Medical Monitoring Through Vehicular Ad Hoc Network
    Eugenio Giordano
    Hagop Hagopian
    Giovanni Pau
    Mario Gerla
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    IEEE 68th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC), 2008., IEEE, pp. 1-5
    Preview abstract Several diseases and medical conditions require constant monitoring of physiological signals and vital signs on daily bases, such as diabetics, hypertension and etc. In order to make these patients capable of living their daily life it is necessary to provide a platform and infrastructure that allows the constant collection of physiological data even when the patient is not inside of the coverage area. The data must be rapidly "transported" to care givers or to the designated medical enterprise. The problem is particularly severe in case of emergencies (e.g. natural disasters or hostile attacks) when the communications infrastructure (e.g. cellular telephony, WiFi public access, etc) has failed or is totally congested. In this paper we present an evaluation of of the vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) as an alternate method of collecting patient pre-recorded physiological data and at the same time reconfiguring patient medical wearable body vests to select the data specifically requested by the physicians. Another important use of vehicular collection of medical data from body vests is prompted by the need to correlate pedestrian reaction to vehicular traffic hazards such as chemical and noise pollution and traffic congestion. The vehicles collect noise, chemical and traffic samples and can directly correlate with the "stress level" of volunteers. View details
    Electronic orthotics shoe: preventing ulceration in diabetic patients
    Foad Dabiri
    Alireza Vahdatpour
    Hagop Hagopian
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    In Proceedings of the 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’08), IEEE(2010), pp. 771-775
    Preview abstract The improvement in processor performance through continuous breakthroughs in transistor technology has resulted in the proliferation of lightweight embedded systems. Advances in wireless technology and embedded systems have enabled remote healthcare and telemedicine. Continuous and real-time monitoring can discretely analyze how a patient's lifestyle affects his/her physiological conditions and if additional symptoms occur under various stimuli. Diabetes is one of most difficult challenges facing the healthcare industry today. One of the primary afflictions of diabetic patients is peripheral neuropathy (loss of sensation in the foot). As a direct result of this condition, the likelihood of ulcer increases which in many cases leads to to amputation. We have developed a wireless electronic orthotics composed of lightweight embedded systems and non-invasive sensors which can be used by diabetic patients suffering from peripheral neuropathy. Our proposed system monitors feet motion and pressure distribution beneath the feet in real-time and classifies the state of the patient. The proposed system detects the conditions that could potentially cause a foot ulcer. This system enables a continuous feedback mechanism for instance in case of an undesired behavior or condition a preemptive message wirelessly to the patient and the patient's caregiver. View details
    A Telehealth Architecture for Networked Embedded Systems: A Case Study in In Vivo Health Monitoring
    Foad Dabiri
    Tammara Massey
    Hagop Hagopian
    C.K. Lin
    R, Tran
    Jacob Schmidt
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on, 13(2009), pp. 351 - 359
    Preview abstract The improvement in processor performance through continuous breakthroughs in transistor technology has resulted in the proliferation of lightweight embedded systems. Advances in wireless technology and embedded systems have enabled remote healthcare and telemedicine. While medical examinations could previously extract only localized symptoms through snapshots, now continuous monitoring can discretely analyze how a patient's lifestyle affects his/her physiological conditions and if additional symptoms occur under various stimuli. We demonstrate how medical applications in particular benefit from a hierarchical networking scheme that will improve the quantity and quality of ubiquitous data collection. Our Telehealth networking infrastructure provides flexibility in terms of functionality and the type of applications that it supports. We specifically present a case study that demonstrates the effectiveness of our networked embedded infrastructure in an in vivo pressure application. Experimental results of the in vivo system demonstrate how it can wirelessly transmit pressure readings measuring from 0 to 1.5 lbf/in2 with an accuracy of 0.02 lbf/in2. The challenges in biocompatible packaging, transducer drift, power management, and in vivo signal transmission are also discussed. This research brings researchers a step closer to continuous, real-time systemic monitoring that will allow one to analyze the dynamic human physiology. View details
    Constant Approximation Algorithm for MST in Resource Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks
    Foad Dabiri
    Alireza Vahdatpour
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN’08)(2008)
    Preview abstract We consider lightweight wireless sensor networks constructed from low-profile and resource constrained wireless embedded systems. Each individual unit in these networks has limited computation, memory and power resources. Traditional models of computation and algorithms will no longer be suitable for such systems since each node in the network does not have the luxury of unbounded computations, storage and communication. In this paper a new model of computation has been introduced, in which computation of each processing unit is bounded by a value independent of the network size. Furthermore, based on this model, a fully distributed algorithm is presented to construct the minimum spanning tree with bounded degree in a network. As opposed to previous approximation results, in this algorithm the computation and message exchanging of each node is O(d) where d is the degree of the node and therefore is independent of network size. Moreover, our developed algorithm yields a constant approximation ratio in which the weight of the constructed spanning tree is O(weight(MST)). We evaluated out algorithm through simulation and observed that the approximation ratio is about 1.2 on average. View details
    Ubiquitous personal assistive system for neuropathy
    Foad Dabiri
    Alireza Vahdatpour
    Hagop Hagopian
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Systems and Networking Support for Health Care and Assisted Living Environments, ACM(2008), 17:1-17:6
    Preview abstract The improvement in processor performance through continuous breakthroughs in transistor technology has resulted in the proliferation of lightweight embedded systems. Advances in wireless technology and embedded systems have enabled remote healthcare and telemedicine. Continuous and real-time monitoring can discretely analyze how a patient's lifestyle affects his/her physiological conditions and if additional symptoms occur under various stimuli. Diabetes is one of most difficult challenges facing the health-care industry today. One of the primary afflictions of diabetic patients is peripheral neuropathy (loss of sensation in the foot). As a direct result of this condition, the likelihood of ulcer increases which in many cases leads to to amputation. We have developed a wireless electronic orthotics composed of lightweight embedded systems and non-invasive sensors which can be used by diabetic patients suffering from peripheral neuropathy. Our proposed system monitors feet motion and pressure distribution beneath the feet in real-time and classifies the state of the patient. The proposed system detects the conditions that could potentially cause a foot ulcer. This system enables a continuous feedback mechanism for instance in case of an undesired behavior or condition a preemptive message wirelessly to the patient's cell phone/PDA/PC and over the WEB to the patient's care-giver. This system can potentially reduce the amputation rates resulting from neuropathy by a huge factor. View details
    Adaptive Medical Feature Extraction for Resource Constrained Distributed Embedded Systems
    Roozbeh Jafari
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    Soheil Ghiasi
    Fourth Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops. PerCom Workshops 2006, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 511 - 517
    Preview abstract Tiny embedded systems have not been an ideal outfit for high performance computing due to their constrained resources. Limitations in processing power, battery life, communication bandwidth and memory constrain the applicability of existing complex medical/biological analysis algorithms to such platforms. Electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis resembles such algorithm. In this paper, we address the issue of partitioning an ECG analysis algorithm while the wireless communication power consumption is minimized. Considering the orientation of the ECG leads, we devise a technique to perform preprocessing and pattern recognition locally on small embedded systems attached to the leads. The features detected in pattern recognition phase are considered for classification. Ideally, if the features detected for each heart beat reside in a single processing node, the transmission will be unnecessary. Otherwise, to perform classification, the features must be gathered on a local node and thus, the communication is inevitable. We perform such feature grouping by modeling the problem with a hypergraph and applying partitioning schemes. This yields a significant power saving in wireless communication. Furthermore, we utilize dynamic reconfiguration by software module migration. This technique with respect to partitioning enhances the overall power saving in such systems. Moreover, it adaptively alters the system configuration in various environments and on different patients. We evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed techniques on MIT/BIH benchmarks. View details
    Adaptive Electrocardiogram Feature Extraction on Distributed Embedded Systems
    Roozbeh Jafari
    Soheil Ghiasi
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, 17(2006), pp. 797 - 807
    Preview abstract Tiny embedded systems have not been an ideal outfit for high performance computing due to their constrained resources-limitations in processing power, battery life, communication bandwidth, and memory constrain the applicability of existing complex medical analysis algorithms such as the electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis. Among various limitations, battery lifetime has been a major key technological constraint. In this paper, we address the issue of partitioning such a complex algorithm while the energy consumption due to wireless transmission is minimized. ECG analysis algorithms normally consist of preprocessing, pattern recognition, and classification. Considering the orientation of the ECG leads, we devise a technique to perform preprocessing and pattern recognition locally in small embedded systems attached to the leads. The features detected in the pattern recognition phase are considered for the classification. Ideally, if the features detected for each heartbeat reside in a single processing node, the transmission will be unnecessary. Otherwise, to perform classification, the features must be gathered on a local node and, thus, the communication is inevitable. We perform such a feature grouping by modeling the problem as a hypergraph and applying partitioning schemes which yield a significant power saving in wireless communications. Furthermore, we utilize dynamic reconfiguration by software module migration. This technique, with respect to partitioning, enhances the overall power saving in such systems. Moreover, it adaptively alters the system configuration in various environments and on different patients. We evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed techniques on MIT/BIH benchmarks and, on average, achieve 70 percent energy saving. View details
    Wireless sensor networks for health monitoring
    Roozbeh Jafari
    Andre Encarnacao
    Azad Zahoory
    Foad Dabiri
    Majid Sarrafzadeh
    The 2nd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems, IEEE Computer Society(2005), pp. 479-481
    Preview abstract We propose a platform for health monitoring using wireless sensor networks. Our platform is a new architecture called CustoMed that will reduce the customization and reconfiguration time for medical systems that use reconfigurable embedded systems. This architecture is a network enabled system that supports various wearable sensors and contains on-board general computing capabilities for executing individually tailored event detection, alerts, and network communication with various medical informatics services. The customization of such system with a large number of "med nodes" is extremely fast even by non-engineering staff. In this paper, we present the architecture of such device along with experimental analysis that evaluates the performance of such system. View details