Google Research

Efficient and Noise Resilient Measurements for Quantum Chemistry on Near-Term Quantum Computers

arXiv:1907.13117 (2019)

Abstract

Variational algorithms, where the role of the quantum computer is the execution of a short depth state preparation circuit followed by measurement, are a promising paradigm for utilizing near-term quantum devices for modeling molecular systems. However, previous bounds on the measurement time required have suggested that the application of these techniques to larger molecules might be infeasible. In this work we present a measurement strategy based on a low rank factorization of the two-electron integral tensor. Our approach provides a cubic reduction in term groupings over the best prior art and enables measurement times four orders of magnitude smaller than those suggested by commonly referenced bounds for the largest systems we consider. Although our technique requires execution of a modest linear depth (and minimally connected) circuit prior to measurement, this is compensated for by eliminating certain challenges associated with sampling non-local Jordan-Wigner transformed operators in the presence of measurement error while also enabling a powerful form of error mitigation based on efficient postselection. We numerically characterize these benefits by performing noisy quantum circuit simulations of strongly correlated model systems.

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