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Multi-Game Decision Transformers

Ofir Nachum
Sherry Yang
Daniel Freeman
Winnie Xu
Sergio Guadarrama
Ian Fischer
Eric Victor Jang
Henryk Witold Michalewski
Igor Mordatch
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) (2022)

Abstract

A longstanding goal of the field of AI is a strategy for compiling diverse experience into a highly capable, generalist agent. In the subfields of vision and language, this was largely achieved by scaling up transformer-based models and training them on large, diverse datasets. Motivated by this progress, we investigate whether the same strategy can be used to produce generalist reinforcement learning agents. Specifically, we show that a single transformer-based model - with a single set of weights - trained purely offline can play a suite of up to 46 Atari games simultaneously at close-to-human performance. When trained and evaluated appropriately, we find that the same trends observed in language and vision hold, including scaling of performance with model size and rapid adaptation to new games via fine-tuning. We compare several approaches in this multi-game setting, such as online and offline RL methods and behavioral cloning, and find that our Multi-Game Decision Transformer models offer the best scalability and performance. We release the pre-trained models and code to encourage further research in this direction. Additional information, videos and code can be seen at: http://sites.google.com/view/multi-game-transformers

Research Areas