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What Breaks Google?

Abhayendra Singh
Avi Kondareddy


In an ideal Continuous Integration (CI) workflow, all potentially impacted builds/tests would be run before submission for every proposed change. In large-scale environments like Google’s mono-repository, this is not feasible to do in terms of both latency and compute cost, given the frequency of change requests and overall size of the codebase. Instead, the compromise is to run more comprehensive testing at later stages of the development lifecycle – batched after submission. These runs detect newly broken tests. Automated culprit finders determine which change broke the tests, the culprit change. In order to make testing at Google more efficient and lower latency, TAP Postsubmit is developing a new scheduling algorithm that utilizes Bug Prediction metrics, features from the change, and historical information about the tests and targets to predict and rank targets by their likelihood to fail. This presentation examines the association between some of our selected features with culprits in Google3.

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