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The Design Space of Generative Models

Jess Scon Holbrook
Chinmay Kulkarni
NeurIPS 2022 Human-Centered AI Workshop (2022) (to appear)


Card et al.’s classic paper "The Design Space of Input Devices" established the value of design spaces as a tool for HCI analysis and invention. We posit that developing design spaces for emerging pre-trained, general AI models is necessary for supporting their integration into human-centered systems and practices. We explore what it means to develop an AI model design space by proposing two design spaces relating to pre-trained AI models: the first considers how HCI can impact pre-trained models (i.e., interfaces for models) and the second considers how pre-trained models can impact HCI (i.e., models as an HCI prototyping material).