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Scalable variational Monte Carlo with graph neural ansatz

Wen-Jun Hu
Li Li
NeurIPS 2020 workshop on Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences (2020)


Deep neural networks have been shown as a potentially powerful ansatz in variational Monte Carlo for solving quantum many-body problems. We propose two improvements in this direction. The first is graph neural ansatz (GNA), which is a variational wavefunction universal to arbitrary geometry. GNA results in accurate ground-state energies on 2D Kagome lattices, triangular lattices, and randomly connected graphs. Secondly, we design a distributed workflow on multiple accelerators to scale up the computation. We compute Kagome lattices with sizes up to 432 sites on 128 TPU cores. The parameter sharing nature of the GNA also leads to transferability across different system sizes and geometries.