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Modeling Time-Frequency Patterns with LSTM vs. Convolutional Architectures for LVCSR Tasks

Bo Li
Proc. Interspeech, ISCA (2016) (to appear)


Various neural network architectures have been proposed in the literature to model 2D correlations in the input signal, including convolutional layers, frequency LSTMs and 2D LSTMs such as time-frequency LSTMs, grid LSTMs and ReNet LSTMs. It has been argued that frequency LSTMs can model translational variations similar to CNNs, and 2D LSTMs can model even more variations [1], but no proper comparison has been done for speech tasks. While convolutional layers have been a popular technique in speech tasks, this paper compares convolutional and LSTM architectures to model time-frequency patterns as the first layer in an LDNN [2] architecture. This comparison is particularly interesting when the convolutional layer degrades performance, such as in noisy conditions or when the learned filterbank is not constant-Q [3]. We find that grid-LDNNs offer the best performance of all techniques, and provide between a 1-4% relative improvement over an LDNN and CLDNN on 3 different large vocabulary Voice Search tasks.

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