Automated Analysis of Security-Critical JavaScript APIs

Ankur Taly
Úlfar Erlingsson
John C. Mitchell
Mark S. Miller
Jasvir Nagra
IEEE Symposium on Security & Privacy (SP), IEEE(2011)


JavaScript is widely used to provide client-side functionality in Web applications. To provide services ranging from maps to advertisements, Web applications may incorporate untrusted JavaScript code from third parties. The trusted portion of each application may then expose an API to untrusted code, interposing a reference monitor that mediates access to security-critical resources. However, a JavaScript reference monitor can only be effective if it cannot be circum- vented through programming tricks or programming language idiosyncracies. In order to verify complete mediation of critical resources for applications of interest, we define the semantics of a restricted version of JavaScript devised by the ECMA Standards committee for isolation purposes, and develop and test an automated tool that can soundly establish that a given API cannot be circumvented or subverted. Our tool reveals a previously-undiscovered vulnerability in the widely-examined Yahoo! ADsafe filter and verifies confinement of the repaired filter and other examples from the Object-Capability literature.