Google Research

Old Dog Learns New Tricks: Randomized UCB for Bandit Problems

23rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics (2020)


We propose RandUCB, a bandit strategy that uses theoretically derived confidence intervals similar to upper confidence bound (UCB) algorithms, but akin to Thompson sampling (TS), uses randomization to trade off exploration and exploitation. In the $K-armed bandit setting, we show that there are infinitely many variants of RandUCB, all of which achieve the minimax-optimal $\widetilde{O}(\sqrt{K T})$ regret after $T$ rounds. Moreover, in a specific multi-armed bandit setting, we show that both UCB and TS can be recovered as special cases of RandUCB. For structured bandits, where each arm is associated with a $d$-dimensional feature vector and rewards are distributed according to a linear or generalized linear model, we prove that RandUCB achieves the minimax-optimal $\widetilde{O}(d \sqrt{T})$ regret even in the case of infinite arms. We demonstrate the practical effectiveness of RandUCB with experiments in both multi-armed and structured bandit settings. We show that RandUCB matches the empirical performance of TS while matching the theoretically optimal bounds of UCB algorithms, thus achieving the best of both worlds.

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