Google Research

Feature-wise transformations

  • Vincent Dumoulin
  • Ethan Perez
  • Nathan Schucher
  • Florian Strub
  • Harm de Vries
  • Aaron Courville
  • Yoshua Bengio
Distill (2018)


In this article, we dive into the subject of feature-wise transformations, showing that they find their way into a surprising number of recent neural network architectures used in various problem settings. We discuss feature-wise transformations as a family of related approaches and show how they can be conceptualized using the Feature-wise Linear Modulation (FiLM) nomenclature. We will then point out their numerous uses in the recent literature. Finally, we will take a look at interesting and intriguing properties that arise from the use of FiLM.

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