Google Research

On Training and Evaluation of Grapheme-to-Phoneme Mappings with Limited Data

  • Dravyansh Sharma
Interspeech 2018 (2018)


When scaling to low resource languages for speech synthesis or speech recognition in an industrial setting, a common challenge is the absence of a readily available pronunciation lexicon. Common alternatives are handwritten letter-to-sound rules and data-driven grapheme-to-phoneme (G2P) models, but without a pronunciation lexicon it is hard to even determine their quality. We identify properties of a good quality metric and note drawbacks of naive estimates of G2P quality in the domain of small test sets. We demonstrate a novel method for reliable evaluation of G2P accuracy with minimal human effort. We also compare behavior of known state-of-the-art approaches for training with limited data. Finally we evaluate a new active learning approach for training G2P models in the low resource setting.

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