Google Research

Speculatively Exploiting Cross-Invocation Parallelism

25th IEEE International Conference on Parallel Architecture and Compilation Techniques (PACT) (2016)


Automatic parallelization has shown promise in producing scalable multi-threaded programs for multi-core architectures. Most existing automatic techniques parallelize independent loops and insert global synchronization between loop invocations. For programs with many loop invocations, frequent synchronization often becomes the performance bottleneck. Some techniques exploit cross-invocation parallelism to overcome this problem. Using static analysis, they partition iterations among threads to avoid crossthread dependences. However, this approach may fail if dependence pattern information is not available at compile time. To address this limitation, this work proposes SpecCross–the first automatic parallelization technique to exploit cross-invocation parallelism using speculation. With speculation, iterations from different loop invocations can execute concurrently, and the program synchronizes only on misspeculation. This allows SpecCross to adapt to dependence patterns that only manifest on particular inputs at runtime. Evaluation on eight programs shows that SpecCross achieves a geomean speedup of 3.43× over parallel execution without cross-invocation parallelization.

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