Google Research

Composite Ethical Frameworks for IoT and other Emerging Technologies

  • Max Senges
  • Patrick Ryan
  • Rick Whitt
Next Generation Ethics: Engineering a Better Society, Macmillan Publishers (2017) (to appear)


(From Conclusion) With the advent of innovations like IoT (which move rapidly and include machine-enhanced learning), the ethical responsibility for the engineers and designers of such technologies becomes magnified. Today’s engineering and R&D should be informed by considering established deontological codes, as well as a combination of teleological and virtue ethics approaches that can help guide the emergent practices and anticipation of consequences.

Programmers and systems engineers who contribute to the evolution of the Internet of Things need to feel empowered by ethical considerations (e.g. codes of professional associations) to resist release of products that do not meet standards of safety, reliability, privacy and resilience.

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