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Unconstrained Online Linear Learning in Hilbert Spaces: Minimax Algorithms and Normal Approximations

Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference on Learning Theory (COLT) (2014)

Abstract

We study algorithms for online linear optimization in Hilbert spaces, focusing on the case where the player is unconstrained. We develop a novel characterization of a large class of minimax algorithms, recovering, and even improving, several previous results as immediate corollaries. Moreover, using our tools, we develop an algorithm that provides a regret bound of $O(U \sqrt{T \log( U \sqrt{T} \log^2 T +1)})$, where $U$ is the $L_2$ norm of an arbitrary comparator and both $T$ and $U$ are unknown to the player. This bound is optimal up to $\sqrt{\log \log T}$ terms. When $T$ is known, we derive an algorithm with an optimal regret bound (up to constant factors). For both the known and unknown $T$ case, a Normal approximation to the conditional value of the game proves to be the key analysis tool.

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