Google Research

Low Cost Correction of OCR Errors Using Learning in a Multi-Engine Environment

  • Ahmad Abdulkader
  • Matthew R. Casey
Proceedings of the 10th international conference on document analysis and recognition, IEEE (2009)

Abstract

We propose a low cost method for the correction of the output of OCR engines through the use of human labor. The method employs an error estimator neural network that learns to assess the error probability of every word from ground-truth data. The error estimator uses features computed from the outputs of multiple OCR engines. The output probability error estimate is used to decide which words are inspected by humans. The error estimator is trained to optimize the area under the word error ROC leading to an improved efficiency of the human correction process. A significant reduction in cost is achieved by clustering similar words together during the correction process. We also show how active learning techniques are used to further improve the efficiency of the error estimator.

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